The paper in PDF format is published in this link.

There are different RF (Radio Frequency) and electromagnetic courses offered by universities. Different educational programs, departments or universities offer RF and electromagnetic courses tailored to their specific specialization or focus area. The list of RF, microwave and electromagnetic engineering courses is given in the table below:

RF courses can vary based on the target audience they are designed for. Some courses may be introductory or basic level, providing a broad overview of RF concepts and applications suitable for students with minimal background knowledge. Other courses may be advanced or specialized, targeting students who already have a foundational understanding of RF and wish to explore more advanced topics or applications.

Different institutions emphasize different aspects of RF engineering in their curriculum. Some courses focus more on RF system design, while others emphasize RF circuit design, wireless communication protocols, or RF measurement techniques. The content and emphasis of RF courses may vary based on the educational institution’s curriculum objectives and the expertise of the faculty.

RF courses are also designed to align with industry demands and the specific needs of the job market. Different industries and sectors require RF engineers with specific skill sets and knowledge. As a result, educational institutions offer RF courses that align with the industry’s requirements, ensuring that graduates are well-prepared for the job market.

Some RF courses may be tailored to students interested in research and development in the RF field. These courses may focus on advanced RF concepts, emerging technologies, and cutting-edge research areas in RF engineering. They aim to provide students with the necessary knowledge and skills to contribute to the advancement of RF technology through research and innovation.

It’s important to note that the specific variations in RF courses can vary between educational institutions, programs, and even individual instructors. The content, depth, and focus of RF courses may differ based on the educational institution’s goals, available resources, and the expertise of the faculty.

Microwave Engineering and Microwave Laboratory Lectures

The microwave course is a key component of RF (Radio Frequency) education as it focuses on the study of electromagnetic waves in the microwave frequency range. Microwave engineering plays a crucial role in the design and development of various RF systems, including wireless communication systems, radar systems, satellite communication systems, and more. Understanding the principles and techniques used in microwave engineering is essential for RF engineers.

In terms of content, the specific topics covered in microwave engineering or theoretical courses can vary depending on the institution and professor. However, some common topics found in such courses include:

  • Introduction to Microwave Engineering
  • Transmission Line Theory and Microwave Network Analysis
  • Microwave Passive Components: Resonators, Filters, Couplers, and Dividers
  • Microwave Active Devices: Amplifiers, Oscillators, and Mixers
  • Microwave System Design and Link Budget Analysis
  • Microwave Circuit Design Techniques
  • Microwave Measurement Techniques and Instrumentation
  • Microwave CAD (Computer-Aided Design) Tools and Simulations

Regarding the microwave engineering laboratory lectures, the content can vary depending on the institution and the specific focus of the course. However, the laboratory lectures typically involve microwave component measurements and projects related to microwave engineering.

Anten’it Microwave Training Kit provides students with practical experience in working with microwave components, measurement techniques and reinforcing the concepts learned in the theoretical part of the course. Students design their own microstrip or waveguide components during the microwave laboratory lectures. The experiments cover passive microwave components with microstrip, waveguide and lumped elements.

Microstrip experiments are

  • Impedance Matching Circuit Design with Microstrip Stubs & λ/4 Transformer: Students match a different impedance to 50 ohm first with a λ/4 Transformer and then dismount the pieces and design another matching circuit with microstrip stubs.
  • Microstrip Power Dividers Design Experiment (3 Types of Dividers): Students first build a T-junction, and then design, build and measure a Wilkinson power divider and a resistive power divider within the experiment.
  • Microstrip Quadrature 90° Coupler Design Experiment: Students do some calculations, design, build and measure the coupler.
  • Microstrip Bandpass and Bandstop Filter Design Experiment (via Stubs): Students design a microstrip bandpass filter and then a microstrip bandstop filter during the experiment.
  • Microstrip Stepped Impedance Low Pass Filter Design Experiment: This experiment includes a microstrip low pass filter calculation, design, build and measurement.
  • Microstrip 180 degree Hybrid Coupler Design Experiment: Students design, build and measure a hybrid coupler during the experiment.

Waveguide experiments are

  • Rectangular Waveguide and Attenuator Design Experiment: Students first design, build and measure a waveguide and then design, build and measure an attenuator in the waveguide.
  • Waveguide iris filter design experiment: *This experiment is an advanced experiment with complex calculations. Students follow the experiment sheets, calculate, design, build and measure the filter.
  • Waveguide post filter design experiment: *This experiment is also an advanced experiment. Students learn how to design a post filter, build and measure it during the experiment.

Lumped element experiments are

  • Impedance Matching Circuit Design with Lumped Elements: Students match a different impedance to 50 ohm with inductors and capacitors.
  • Filter Designs with Lumped Elements (All four types of filters): Students design low-pass filter, high-pass filter, bandpass and bandstop filters with lumped elements.

Students first use analytical formulas to design the microwave components, then build them and measure. They usually iterate their design with their hands and see the iterated results directly in front of a network analyser. Students have practical experience and learn how to design the components directly. There is no other similar microwave training kit which allows students to design their own components and iterate during the experiment.

The experiment sheets in Anten’it Microwave Training Kit are enough for the students to follow and design their components. However, some academicians also prefer their students to design in the simulation environment. Anten’it Microwave Training Kit also includes 3D CAD models (STEP file format) of the components, CST Studio and IMST Empire simulation files.